As a homeowner, you want a home that’s safe and secure. But sometimes, natural disasters like flooding can threaten the stability of your house. One way to keep your home dry is to use sump pumps. In this article, we’ll break down everything you need to know about these helpful devices.
What is a sump pump?
A sump pump is used to remove water that has accumulated in a water-collecting sump basin. The water is typically pumped out through a hose or pipe to a safe location, such as a storm drain or dry well. Sump pumps are commonly used in basement waterproofing systems, and can also be used to deal with occasional flooding from clogged gutters or melting snow.
How Do Sump Pumps Work?
Sump pumps are installed in the lowest part of your basement or crawlspace. They work by collecting water that has drained into the sump pit and pumping it out of the home to prevent basement flooding. Most sump pumps are activated by a float switch that turns the pump on when the water level in the pit reaches a certain point. The pump then runs until the water is pumped out and the float switch shuts it off. Some sump pumps also have an emergency backup power supply in case of a power outage.
Types of Sump Pumps
There are many different types of sump pumps available on the market. Some of the most popular include submersible, pitless, and pedestal sump pumps. Submersible sump pumps are designed to be placed inside a pit or basin, while pitless and pedestal sump pumps are designed to be placed outside of a pit or basin. Each type of sump pump has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Submersible Sump Pumps
Submersible sump pumps are one of the most popular types for home use because they’re reliable, durable, and relatively quiet. You can find submersible pumps that have either a pedestal or submersible base, but both work in the same way. Water is drawn into the pump through an inlet screen and then pushed up through a discharge pipe that’s connected to a drain system or directly outdoors.
Pedestal Sump Pumps
A pedestal sump pump is a pump that is mounted on a pedestal, making it ideal for locations where floor space is limited. This type of sump pump is designed to handle small amounts of water, making it perfect for use in a basement or crawlspace. The key advantage of a pedestal sump pump is that it can be easily installed and does not require any special tools or equipment.
Floor Sucker Sump Pumps
Floor sucker sump pumps are designed to be placed under the floor of your basement. They have a long, reachable hose that can suck the water out of your basement and away from your foundation. These types of sump pumps are powered by electricity and require a power outlet to work. Some models come with a backup battery in case of a power outage.
Water Powered Sump Pumps
A water powered sump pump is a type of sump pump that uses water pressure to force water out of the sump pit. It is not connected to an electrical outlet and does not require batteries. Water powered sump pumps are the most reliable type of sump pump because they are not dependent on electricity. However, they require a municipal water supply, which may not be available in all areas.
What are the causes of sump pump failure?
Although sump pumps are built to last, they can still fail. One of the most common causes of sump pump failure is an insufficient water supply. If the water level in the sump pit drops too low, the pump will run dry and overheat. This can cause the pump to burn out or break down. Another common cause of sump pump failure is clogs. Debris can build up in the pump and block it from working properly. This can cause the pump to overheat or simply stop working altogether.
Additional Tips for Sump Pump Maintenance
There are a few things you can do to keep your sump pump in good shape. First, make sure that the discharge pipe is not frozen. If it is, thaw it out so that water can flow freely through it. Second, check the float switch to make sure that it is working properly. The float switch turns the pump on and off, so if it isn’t working, the pump won’t be able to do its job. Finally, don’t forget to regularly clean the sump pit to prevent buildup and clogs.
Why You Need a Sump Pump
If your home is built on a slab or has a basement, you may need a sump pump to prevent flooding. Sump pumps are installed in a pit in the lowest part of your home and work by pumping water away from your foundation and into a drain or sewer system. Sump pumps can come in handy during heavy rains or when melting snow raises the water table around your home.
When to Call for Help
If you’re experiencing any problems with your sump pump, it’s best to call for help from a professional. Sump pumps are designed to handle a certain amount of water, and if yours is overflowing, that means it’s time to call for help. A professional can assess the situation and determine whether your sump pump needs to be repaired or replaced. In some cases, you may just need to have your sump pump cleaned out. Regardless, it’s always best to call for help when you’re having problems with your sump pump.